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History, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Opinion, Philosophy, Religion, Science, Theology, and Truth and Taste



Recommended Readings in Philosophy, Science, and Religion

In Great Books of the Western World
Thucydides:
The History of the Peloponnesian War, Book I
Plato:
Meno;
Sophist;
Republic, Book VI;
Laws, Book X
Aristotle:
Metaphysics, Books I-IV
Aquinas:
Summa Theologica, Part I, QQ. 1, 13-14
Hobbes:
Leviathan, Part I
Montaigne: Essays,
"That to Study Philosophy Is to Learn to Die,"
"That It Is Folly to Measure Truth and Error by Our Own Capacity"
Bacon:
Advancement of Learning
Descartes:
Discourse on the Method
Pascal:
On Geometrical Demonstration
Locke:
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book IV
Hume:
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
Kant:
The Critique of Pure Reason
Hegel:
The Philosophy of History, Introduction
Tolstoy:
War and Peace, Epilogue II
James:
The Principles of Psychology
Freud:
New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis, Lecture 35
In Other Works
Ayer, A. J., (1910-1989) ed.:
Logical Positivism
Berdyaev, Nicolas (1874-1948):
The Meaning of History (1923);
Solitude and Society
Buber, Martin(1878-1965):
I and Thou (1923)
Cassirer, Ernst (1874-1945):
The Problem of Knowledge;
The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms (1923)
Cohen, Morris R. (1880-1947):
The Meaning of History (1944)
Comte, Auguste(1798-1857):
The Positive Philosophy (1830-1842)
Dewey, John (1859-1952):
Reconstruction in Philosophy (1920);
The Quest for Certainty (1929)
Ewing, A. C. (1899-1973):
Idealism: A Critical Survey
Frank, Erich (1883-1949):
Philosophical Understanding and Religious Truth (1945)
Gilson, Etienne (1884-1978):
Unity of Philosophical Experience (1937);
The Spirit of Medieval Philosophy
James, William (1842-1910):
Pragmatism;
Meaning of Truth (1909)
Jaspers, Karl (1883-1969):
The Perennial Scope of Philosophy (1948);
The Origin and Goal of History;
The Way to Wisdom
Jourdain, P. E. B. (1879-1919):
The Nature of Mathematics (1913)
Kierkegaard, Soren (1813-1855):
Concluding Unscientific Postscript (1846)
Lowith, Karl (1897-1973):
Meaning in History (1949)
Maritain, Jacques (1882-1973):
Degrees of Knowledge (1932);
Science and Wisdom (1935);
Philosophy of History
Myerhoff, Hans, ed.:
The Philosophy of History in Our Time
Poincare, Henri (1854-1912):
The Foundations of Science
Reichenbach, Hans (1891-1953):
The Rise of Scientific Philosophy
Royce, Josiah (1855-1916):
The Spirit of Modern Philosophy
Russell, Bertrand(1872-1970):
Human Knowledge, Its Scope and Limits (1948);
An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth (1940)
Toynbee, Arnold J. (1852-1883):
Civilization on Trial
White, Andrew D.:
The History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom
Whitehead, Alfted N. (1861-1947):
Science and the Modern World;
An Introduction to Mathematics

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Adapted from
Adler's Philosophical Dictionary (1995)
and
Great Ideas from the Great Books (1963)
by Mortimer J. Adler



Revised 15 December 2000

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