Adler On
Angels, Being, Certainty and Probability, Change, Eternity, God, Immortality, Matter, Sin, Soul, Time, and Will.



Recommended Readings on Theology and Metaphysics

In Great Books of the Western World
Plato:
Euthyphro;
Phaedo;
Republic, Books II-IV, VIII-X;
Laws
Aristotle:
On the Soul;
Metaphysics, Book XII;
Physics, Book VIII;
On Poetics, Chs. 6-22
Lucretius:
On the Nature of Things
Epictetus:
The Discourses
Marcus Aurelius:
The Meditations
Plotinus:
The Six Enneads, Enneads III-IV
Augustine:
The Confessions;
The City of God;
On Christian Doctrine
Aquinas: Summa Theologica,
Part I complete,
Part II-II, QQ. 1-46, 183-189,
Part III, QQ. 1-16, 60-65, 69-99
Hobbes:
Leviathan, Part I, Ch. 12, Part II, Ch. 31, Parts III-IV
Montaigne: Essays,
"That to Study Philosophy Is to Learn to Die,"
"That a Man Is Soberly to judge of the Divine Ordinances,"
"Of Prayers,"
"Apology for Raimond de Sebonde,"
"Of Liberty of Conscience,"
'Of Repentance"
Descartes:
Meditations on First Philosophy
Spinoza:
Ethics, Part I
Pascal:
The Provincial Letters;
Pensees
Locke:
A Letter Concerning Toleration;
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book IV, Chs. X, XVIII-XIX
Hume:
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Sections X-XI
Montesquieu:
The Spirit of Laws, Books XXIV-XXV
Rousseau:
The Social Contract, Book IV, Ch. 8
Smith:
The Wealth of Nations, Book V, Ch. 1, Part 3, Article III
Gibbon:
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Chs. XV-XVI, XX-XXI, XXIII, XXVIII, XXXVII, XLVII, XLIX-L, LIV, LVII-LX, LXVI-LXVII, LXIX-LXX
Kant:
The Critique of Pure Reason, "Transcendental Dialectic," Ch. III, "The Ideal of Pure Reason";
The Critique of Practical Reason, Part I, Book II, "Dialectic of Pure Practical Reason";
The Critique of Judgment, Part II, Second Division, "Dialectic of Teleological judgment"
Hegel:
The Philosophy of History
Freud:
Group Psychology and Analysis of the Ego, Section V;
Civilization and Its Discontents, Sections I-II;
New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis, Lecture 35
In Other Works
Acton, John E. E. D.:
Essays on Church and State
Adam, Karl:
The Spirit of Catholicism
Anselm of Canterbury:
Proslogium;
Monologium
Aquinas, Thomas:
Summa Contra Gentiles
Baeck, Leo:
The Essence of Judaism
Barth, Karl:
Dogmatics in Outline;
The Knowledge of God and the Service of God
Brunner, Emil H.:
The Christian Doctrine of God
Buber, Martin:
I and Thou;
Israel and the World;
The Eclipse of God
Burckhardt, Jacob:
Force and Freedom, Sections II-III
Calvin, John:
The Institutes of the Christian Religion
Forsyth, Thomas M.:
God and the World
Freud, Sigmund;
The Future of an Illusion
Hegel, G. W. F.:
Early Theological Writings
Heidegger, Martin:
Existence and Being
Heiler, Friedrich:
Prayer
Hume, David:
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
James, William:
Essays on Faith and Morals, V. "The Dilemma of Determinism";
The Varieties of Religious Experience
Jaspers, Karl:
Tragedy Is Not Enough
Jung, Carl G.:
Psychology and Religion
Kant, Immanuel:
Religion Within the Limits of Pure Reason Alone
Kierkegaard, Soren:
The Concept of Dread;
The Sickness Unto Death;
Fear and Trembling
Luther, Martin:
Three Treatises;
Table Talk
Marcel, Gabriel:
Being and Having;
The Mystery of Being;
The Philosophy of Existence
Maritain, Jacques:
Science and Wisdom;
Freedom in the Modern World
Niebuhr, H. Richard:
Christ and Culture
Niebuhr, Reinhold:
The Nature and Destiny of Man;
Beyond Tragedy
Nietzsche, Friedrich:
The Antichrist;
The Birth of Tragedy;
Thus Spoke Zarathustra;
The Will to Power
Nilsson, Martin P.:
A History of Greek Religion
Otto, Rudolph:
The Idea of the Holy
Pfeffer, Leo:
Church, State, and Freedom
Sartre, Jean Paul:
Existentialism and Humanism;
Being and Nothingness
Schecter, Solomon:
Studies in Judaism
Schelling, Friedrich W. von:
Of Human Freedom
Schleiermacher, Friedrich:
On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers
Schopenhauer, Arthur:
Freedom of the Will
Spinoza, Benedict de:
Theologico-Political Treatise
Temple, William:
Nature, Man and God
Tillich, Paul:
Systematic Theology;
The Courage to Be
Underhill, Evelyn:
Worship;
Mysticism
Weiss, Paul:
Man's Freedom
Whitehead, Alfred N.:
Religion in the Making
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Adapted from
Adler's Philosophical Dictionary (1995)
and
Great Ideas from the Great Books (1963)
by Mortimer J. Adler

Revised 4 November 2000

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