Adler On
Certainty and Probability, Labor, Liberty, and Man.



Recommended Readings on Man and His World

In Great Books of the Western World
Aristophanes:
The Ecclesiazusae
Plato:
Phaedo;
Republic, Books IV-V
Aristotle:
Metaphysics, Book I, Ch. 1;
Topics, Book V, Chs. 1-5;
On the Soul, Book I, Chs. 3, 10;
History of Animals, Book VIII, Ch. 1;
Ethics, Book I, Chs. 7, 13;
Politics, Book I
Lucretius:
On the Nature of Things
Epictetus:
The Discourses
Marcus Aurelius:
Meditations
Plotinus:
The Enneads
Augustine:
The Confessions;
The City of God, Books V, XII
Aquinas:
Summa Theologica, Part I, QQ. 75-119, Parts I-II, QQ. 1-21
Machiavelli:
The Prince, Ch. XVIII
Hobbes:
Leviathan, Book I
Rabelais:
Gargantua and Pantagruel, Book I, Chs. 52-57
Montaigne: Essays,
"That a Man Is Soberly to Judge of the Divine Ordinances,"
"That Fortune Is Oftentimes Observed to Act by the Rules of Reason,"
"Of the Inconstancy of Our Actions,"
"Apology for Raimond de Sebonde,"
"Of Experience"
Descartes:
Discourse on the Method, Part V;
Meditations on First Philosophy, Meditations U, VI
Spinoza:
Ethics
Milton:
Areopagitica
Pascal:
Pensees
Locke:
Concerning Civil Government, Second Essay, Chs. I-V;
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Book II, Ch. XXI
Hume:
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
Swift:
Gulliver's Travels
Montesquieu:
The Spirit of Laws, Books I, VII, XI, XXIII
Rousseau:
A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality;
The Social Contract, Book I
Smith:
The Wealth of Nations, Book I, Ch. 2
Kant:
Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals;
The Critique of Practical Reason
Mill:
On Liberty;
Utilitarianism
Hegel:
The Philosophy of Right, Introduction, Part III, Section I;
The Philosophy of History, Introduction, Part IV
Darwin:
The Descent of Man, Parts I, II
Marx and Engels:
The Communist Manifesto
James:
The Principles of Psychology, Chs. VI, XXII, XXIV, XXVI
Freud:
Civilization and Its Discontents, "Thoughts for the Times on War and Death"
In Other Works
Ashley Montagu, M. F.:
Man: His First Million Years,
The Natural Superiority of Women
Augustine:
On Free Will
Bell, Clive:
Civilization
Berdyaev, Nicolas:
The Destiny of Man;
Freedom and the Spirit;
Slavery and Freedom
Buber, Martin:
Between Man and Man, "What is Man?"
Cassirer, Ernst:
An Essay on Man
Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de:
The Phenomenon of Man
Childs, Gordon V.:
Man Makes Himself
Dewey, John:
Human Nature and Conduct;
Freedom and Culture
Dobzhansky, Theodosius:
The Biological Basis of Human Freedom
Fichte, Johann G.:
The Vocation of Man
Frank, Lawrence K.:
Nature and Human Nature
James, William:
Essays on Faith and Morals, I. "Is Life Worth Living?" X. "What Makes a Life Significant"
Kahler, Erich:
Man the Measure
Keynes, John M.:
A Treatise on Probability
Linton, Ralph:
The Tree of Culture
Marcel, Gabriel:
Homo Viator
Maritain, Jacques:
True Humanism
Mead, Margaret:
Male and Female
Mill, John Stuart:
The Subjection of Women
Niebuhr, Reinhold:
The Nature and Destiny of Man
Peirce, Charles S.:
Chance, Love and Logic;
Values in a Universe of Chance
Riezler, Kurt:
Man: Mutable and Immutable
Schopenhauer, Arthur:
On Human Nature;
Studies in Pessimism, "On Women"
Sherrington, Charles S.:
Man on His Nature'
Spengler, Oswald:
The Decline of the West
Toynbee, Arnold J.:
A Study of History (two-volume Abridgment)
Unamuno, Miguel de:
The Tragic Sense of Life
Venn, John:
The Logic of Chance
Weiss, Paul:
Nature and Man
Wingren, Gustav:
Luther on Vocation

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Revised 16 July 2000

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