Gateway to the Great Books

Volume 1: Introduction; Syntopical Guide
Volume 2: Imaginative Literature I
Volume 3: Imaginative Literature II
Volume 4: Imaginative Literature III
Volume 5: Critical Essays
Volume 6: Man and Society I
Volume 7: Man and Society II
Volume 8: Natural Science
Volume 9: Mathematics
Volume 10: Philosophical Essays

Based upon the text of Gateway to the Great Books: GGB
Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.
1963 (10 vol.)
Robert M. Hutchins and Mortimer J. Adler, Editors-in-Chief
Clifton Fadiman, Associate Editor


Volume 1: Introduction; Syntopical Guide

by Robert M. Hutchins, p. 1
I. The Ways - and Whys - of Reading p. 15
II. The Imagination of Man [Volumes 2-5] p. 35
III. Man and Society [Volumes 6-7] p. 53
IV. Science and Mathematics [Volumes 8-9] p. 75
V. Philosophy [Volume 10] p. 89
VI. The Endless Journey p. 106
I. A Plan of Graded Reading p. 350
II. Recommended Novels p. 365
III. Recommended Anthologies of Poetry p. 370

Volume 2: Imaginative Literature I

Daniel DEFOE (1660-1731) p. 1
Robinson Crusoe p. 5
Rudyard KIPLING (1865-1936) p. 122
"Mowgli's Brothers" from The Jungle Book p. 126
Victor HUGO (1802-1885) p. 142
"The Battle with the Cannon" from Ninety-three p. 146
Guy De MAUPASSANT (1850-1893) p. 155
"Two Friends" p. 159
Ernest HEMINGWAY (1899-1961) p. 165
"The Killers" from Men without Women p. 169
Sir Walter SCOTT (1771-1832) p. 178
"The Two Drovers" from Chronicles of the Canongate p. 182
Joseph CONRAD (1857-1924) p. 206
"Youth" p. 210
VOLTAIRE (1694-1778) p. 237
Micromegas p. 241
Oscar WILDE (1854- 1900) p. 257
"The Happy Prince" from The Happy Prince and Other Tales p. 261
Edgar Allan POE (1809-1849)p. 269
"The Tell-Tale Heart" p. 273
"The Masque of the Red Death" p. 278
Robert Louis STEVENSON (1850-1894) p. 284
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde p. 288
Mark TWAIN (Samuel Clemens 1835-1910) p. 342
The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg p. 346
Charles DICKENS (1812-1870) p. 387
"A Full and Faithful Report of the Memorable Trial of Bardell against Pickwick" from The Pickwick Papers p. 391
Nikolai GOGOL (1809-1852) p. 449
"The Overcoat" p. 452
Samuel BUTLER (1835-1902) p. 479
"Customs and Opinions of the Erewhonians" from Erewhon p. 483
Sherwood ANDERSON (1876-1941) p. 507
"I'm a Fool" p. 511
Aucassin and Nicolette (c. early 13th Century) p. 523

Volume 3: Imaginative Literature II

Stephen CRANE (1871-1900) p. 1
"The Open Boat" p. 5
Herman MELVILLE (1819-1891) p. 27
"Billy Budd" from Billy Budd, Sailor p. 31
Ivan BUNIN (1870-1953) p. 99
"The Gentleman from San Francisco" p. 102
Nathaniel HAWTHORNE (1804-1864) p. 124
"Rappaccini's Daughter" from Mosses from an Old Manse p. 128
George ELIOT (1819-1880) p. 153
"The Lifted Veil" 157
Lucius APULEIUS (fl. 2nd Century) p. 194
"Cupid and Psyche" from The Golden Ass p. 197
Ivan TURGENEV (1818-1883) p. 213
"First Love" p. 217
Fyodor DOSTOEVSKY (1828-1910) p. 272
"White Nights" p. 276
John GALSWORTHY (1867-1933) p. 320
"The Apple-Tree" p. 323
Gustave FLAUBERT (1821-1880) p. 368
"The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller" from Three Tales p. 371
F. Scott FITZGERALD (1869-1940) p. 393
"The Diamond as Big as the Ritz" from Tales of the Jazz Age p. 397
Honore De BALZAC (1799-1850) p. 432
"A Passion in the Desert" p. 436
Anton CHEKHOV (1860-1904) p. 448
"The Darling" p. 452
Isaac SINGER (b. 1904) p. 463
"The Spinoza of Market Street" p. 466
Alexander PUSHKIN (1799-1837) p. 481
"The Queen of Spades" p. 484
D. H. LAWRENCE (1885-1930) p. 508
"The Rocking-Horse Winner" from The Lovely Lady p. 512
Henry JAMES (1843-1916) p. 526
"The Pupil" p. 530
Thomas MANN (1875-1955) p. 569
"Mario and the Magician" from Stories of Three Decades p. 573
Isak DINESEN (1885-1962) p. 611
"Sorrow-Acre" from Winter's Tales p. 615
Leo TOLSTOY (1828-1910) p. 642
"The Death of Ivan Ilyitch" p. 646
"The Three Hermits" p. 700
"What Men Live By" p. 707

Volume 4: Imaginative Literature III

MOLIERE (1622-1673) p. 1
The Misanthrope p. 6
The Doctor in Spite of Himself p. 52
Richard SHERIDAN (1751-1816) p. 82
The School for Scandal p. 85
Henrik IBSEN (1828-1906) p. 160
An Enemy of the People p. 164
Anton CHEKHOV (1860-1904) p. 247
The Cherry Orchard p. 249
George Bernard SHAW (1856-1950) p. 295
The Man of Destiny p. 300
John M. SYNGE (1871-1909) p. 339
Riders to the Sea p. 342
Eugene O'NEILL (1888-1953) p. 353
The Emperor Jones p. 357

Volume 5: Critical Essays

Virginia WOOLF (1882-1941) p. 1
"How Should One Read a Book?" from The Second Common Reader p. 5
Matthew ARNOLD (1822-1888) p. 15
"The Study of Poetry" from The English Poets, T. H. Ward, Ed., p. 19
"Sweetness and Light" from Culture and Anarchy p. 42
Charles Augustin SAINTE-BEUVE (1804-1869) p. 62
"What Is a Classic?" p. 65
"Montaigne" p. 76
Sir Francis BACON (1561-1626) p. 90
"Of Beauty" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 94
"Of Discourse" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 95
"Of Studies" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 97
David HUME (1711-1776) p. 99
"Of the Standard of Taste" from Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary p. 103
Arthur SCHOPENHAUER (1788-1860) p. 120
"On Style" from Essays in Ethics and Politics p. 124
"On Some Forms of Literature" from Essays in Ethics and Politics p. 137
"On the Comparative Place of Interest and Beauty in Works of Art" p. 143
Friedrich SCHILLER (1759-1805) p. 151
"On Simple and Sentimental Poetry" from Essays Aesthetical and Philosophical p. 155
Percy Bysshe SHELLEY (1792-1822) p. 212
"A Defence of Poetry" p. 216
Walt WHITMAN (1819-1892) p. 243
Preface to Leaves of Grass p. 247
William HAZLITT (1778-1830) p. 260
"My First Acquaintance with Poets" p. 264
"On Swift" p. 280
"Of Persons One Would Wish to Have Seen" p. 284
Charles LAMB (1775-1834) p. 296
"My First Play" p. 300
"Dream Children, a Reverie" p. 304
"Sanity of True Genius" p. 308
Samuel JOHNSON (1709-1784) p. 311
Preface to Shakespeare p. 316
Thomas DE QUINCEY (1785-1859) p. 354
"Literature of Knowledge and Literature of Power" p. 358
"On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth" p. 362
Thomas Stearns ELIOT (1888-1965) p. 367
"Dante" p. 371
"Tradition and the Individual Talent" from Selected Essays (New Ed.) p. 404

Volume 6: Man and Society I

John Stuart MILL (1806-1873) p. 1
"Childhood and Youth" from Autobiography p. 5
Mark TWAIN (Samuel Clemens 1835-1910) p. 48
"Learning the River" from Life an the Mississippi p. 50
Jean De LA BRUYERE (1645-1696) p. 99
"Characters" from A Book of Characters p. 102
Thomas CARLYLE (1795-1881) p. 106
'The Hero as King" from On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History p. 110
Ralph Waldo EMERSON (1803-1882) p. 146
"Thoreau" p. 150
Nathaniel HAWTHORNE (1804-1864) p. 166
"Sketch of Abraham Lincoln" p. 168
Walt WHITMAN (1819-1892) p. 172
"Death of Abraham Lincoln" p. 174
Virginia WOOLF (1882-1941) p. 184
"The Art of Biography" from The Death of the Moth p. 186
XENOPHON (c. 430 B.C.-c. 355 B.C.) p. 193
"The March to the Sea" from The Persian Expedition p. 196
"The Character of Socrates" from Memorabilia p. 223
William H. PRESCOTT (1796-1859) p. 227
"The Land of Montezuma" from The Conquest of Mexico p. 231
Haniel LONG (1888-1956) p. 244
"The Power within Us" p. 246
PLINY the Younger (c. 61-c. 113) p. 262
"The Eruption of Vesuvius" from Letters p. 264
Cornelius TACITUS (c. 55-c. 120) p. 271
"The Life of Gnaeus Julius Agricola" p. 274
Francois GUIZOT (1787-1874) p. 299
"Civilization" from History of Civilization in Europe p. 302
Henry ADAMS (1838-1918) p. 318
"The United States in 1800" from History of the United States of America p. 322
John Bagnell BURY (1861-1927) p. 360
"Herodotus" from The Ancient Greek Historians p. 364
LUCIAN (c. 125-c. 190) p. 384
"The Way to Write History" p. 387
Great Documents p. 407
The English Bill of Rights (1689) p. 409
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789) p. 412
The Virginia Declaration of Rights (1776) p. 415
The Declaration of Independence (1776) p. 418
Charter of the United Nations (1945) p. 422
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) p. 452
Thomas PAINE (1737-1809) p. 457
"A Call to Patriots - December 23, 1776" from The Crisis p. 461
George WASHINGTON (1732-1799) p. 469
"Circular Letter to the Governors of All the States on Disbanding the Army" p. 474
"The Farewell Address" p. 484
Thomas JEFFERSON (1743-1826) p. 498
"The Virginia Constitution" from Notes on Virginia p. 502
"First Inaugural Address" p. 518
"Biographical Sketches" p. 522
Benjamin FRANKLIN (1706-1790) p. 529
"A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge among the British Plantations in America" p. 533
"Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pennsylvania" p. 536
Jean De CREVECOEUR (1735-1813) p. 543
"The Making of Americans" from Letters from an American Farmer p. 546
Alexis De TOCQUEVILLE (1805-1859) p. 560
"Observations on American Life and Government" from Democracy in America p. 564
Henry David THOREAU (1817-1862) p. 691
"Civil Disobedience" p. 695
"A Plea for Captain John Brown" p. 714
Abraham LINCOLN (1809-1865) p. 733
"Address at Cooper Institute" p. 737
"First Inaugural Address" p. 747
"Letter to Horace Greeley" p. 756
"Meditation on the Divine Will" p. 758
"The Gettysburg Address" p. 759
"Second Inaugural Address" p. 760
"Last Public Address" p. 762

Volume 7: Man and Society II

Sir Francis BACON (1561-1626) p. 1
"Of Youth and Age" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 3
"Of Parents and Children" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 5
"Of Marriage and Single Life" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 7
"Of Great Place" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 9
"Of Seditions and Troubles" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 12
"Of Custom and Education" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 18
"Of Followers and Friends" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 20
"Of Usury" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 22
"Of Riches" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 25
Jonathan SWIFT (1667-1745) p. 28
"Resolutions when I Come to Be Old" p. 32
"An Essay on Modern Education" p. 33
"A Meditation upon a Broomstick" p. 40
"A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Ireland from Being a Burden to Their Parents or Country" p. 42
David HUME (1711-1776) p. 50
"Of Refinement in the Arts" from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary p. 52
"Of Money" from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary p. 62
"Of the Balance of Trade" from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary p. 72
"Of Taxes"from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary p. 85
"Of the Study of History" from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary p. 89
PLUTARCH (c. 46-120) p. 93
"Of Bashfulness" from Moralia p. 97
Robert Louis STEVENSON (1850-1894) p. 110
"The Lantern-Bearers" from Across the Plains p. 112
John RUSKIN (1819-1900) p. 122
"An Idealist's Arraignment of the Age" from Four Clavigera p. 126
William JAMES (1842-1910) p. 137
"On a Certain Blindness in Human Beings" p. 141
"The Energies of Men" p. 157
"Great Men and Their Environment" p. 171
Arthur SCHOPENHAUER (1788-1860) p. 195
"On Education" from Studies in Pessimism p. 197
Michael FARADAY p. 204
"Observations on Mental Education" from Lectures on Education p. 208
Edmund BURKE (1729-1797) p. 233
"Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol" p. 237
John C. CALHOUN (1782-1850) p. 272
"The Concurrent Majority" from A Disquisition on Government p. 276
Thomas Babington MACAULAY p. 291
"Machiavelli" from Critical and Historical Essays p. 295
VOLTAIRE (1694-1778) p. 330
"English Men and Ideas" from Letters on the English p. 332
DANTE Aligheri (1265-1321) p. 379
"On World Government" from De Monarchia p. 383
Jean Jacques ROUSSEAU (1712-1778) p. 400
"A Lasting Peace through the Federation of Europe" from A Lasting Peace through the Federation of Europe and the State of War p. 405
Immanuel KANT (1724-1804) p. 437
"Perpetual Peace" p. 441
Karl Von CLAUSEWITZ (1780-1831) p. 476
"What Is War?" from On War p. 479
Thomas Robert MALTHUS (1766-1834) p. 498
"The Principle of Population" from Population: The First Essay p. 502

Volume 8: Natural Science

Francis BACON (1561-1626) p. 1
"The Sphinx" from The Wisdom of the Ancients: A Series of Mythological Fables p. 2
John TYNDALL (1820-1893) p. 5
"Michael Faraday" from Faraday as a Discoverer p. 8
Eve CURIE (b. 1904) p. 29
"The Discovery of Radium" from Madame Curie p. 32
Charles Robert DARWIN (1809-1882) p. 43
"Autobiography" from Charles Darwin's Autobiography p. 47
Jean Henri FABRE (1823-1915) p. 94
"A Laboratory of the Open Fields" from The Life of the Fly p. 97
"The Sacred Beetle" from The Sacred Beetle and Others p. 105
Loren EISELEY (b. 1907) p. 120
"On Time" from The Immense Journey p. 123
Rachel L. CARSON (1907-1964) p. 130
"The Sunless Sea" from The Sea Around Us p. 132
J. B. S. HALDANE (1892-1964) p. 147
"On Being the Right Size" from Possible Worlds p. 149
Thomas Henry HUXLEY (1825-1895) p. 155
"On the Relations of Man to the Lower Animals" from Man's Place in Nature and Other Anthropological Essays p. 160
"On a Piece of Chalk" p. 205
Sir Francis GALTON (1822-1911) p. 223
"The Classification of Human Ability" from Hereditary Genius p. 227
Claued BERNARD (1813-1878) p. 262
"Experimental Considerations Common to Living Things and Inorganic Bodies" from An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine p. 266
Ivan Petrovich PAVLOV (1849-1936) p. 291
"Scientific Study of the So-called Psychical Processes in the Higher Animals" from Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes p. 294
Friedrich WOHLER (1800-1882) p. 310
"On the Artificial Production of Urea" p. 312
Sir Charles LYELL (1797-1875) p. 315
"Geological Evolution" from The Principles of Geology p. 319
GALILEO Galilei (1564-1642) p. 325
"The Starry Messenger" p. 330
Tommaso CAMPANELLA (1568-1639) p. 356
"Arguments for and against Galileo" from The Defense of Galileo p. 359
Michael FARADAY (1791-1867) p. 365
The Chemical History of a Candle p. 368
Dmitri MENDELEEV (1834-1907) p. 440
"The Genesis of a Law of Nature" from The Periodic Law of the Chemical Elements p. 442
H. L. F. Von HELMHOLTZ (1821-1894) p. 447
"On the Conservation of Force" p. 451
Albert EINSTEIN (1879-1955) & Leopold INFELD (1898-1968) p. 485
"The Rise and Decline of Classical Physics" from The Evolution of Physics p. 490
Sir Arthur EDDINGTON (1882-1944) p. 561
"The Running-Down of the Universe" from Nature and the Physical World p. 565
Sir James JEANS (1877-1946) p. 581
"Beginnings and Endings" from The Universe Around Us p. 585
Kees BOEKE (b. 1884)p. 597
"Cosmic View" p. 600

Volume 9: Natural Science

Lancelot HOGBEN (b. 1895) p. 1
"Mathematics, the Mirror of Civilization" from Mathematics for the Million p. 3
Andrew Russell FORSYTH (1858-1942) p. 24
"Mathematics, in Life and Thought" p. 26
Alfred North WHITEHEAD (1861-1947) p. 47
"On Mathematical Method" from An Introduction to Mathematics p. 51
"On the Nature of a Calculus" from A Treatise on Universal Algebra p. 68
Bertrand RUSSELL (1872-1970) p. 79
"The Study of Mathematics" from Mysticism and Logic p. 84
"Mathematics and the Metaphysicians" from Mysticism and Logic p. 95
"Definition of Number" from Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy p. 111
Edward KASNER (1878-1955) and James R. NEWMAN (1907-1966) p. 115
"New Names for Old" from Mathematics and the Imagination p. 121
"Beyond the Googol" from Mathematics and the Imagination p. 137
Tobias DANTZIG (1884-1956) p. 163
"Fingerprints" from Number: the Language of Science p. 165
"The Empty Column" from Number: the Language of Science p. 178
Leonhard EULER (1707-1783) p. 190
"The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg" p. 193
Norman Robert CAMPBELL (1880-1949) p. 202
"Measurement" from What Is Science? p. 204
"Numerical Laws and the Use of Mathematics in Science" from What Is Science? p. 222
William Kingdon CLIFFORD (1845-1879) p.239
"The Postulates of the Science of Space" from The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences p. 243
Henri POINCARE p. 260
"Space" from Science and Hypothesis p. 265
"Mathematical Creation" p. 294
"Chance" from Science and Method p. 305
Pierre Simon De LAPLACE (1749-1827) p. 321
"Probability" from A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities p. 325
Charles Sanders PEIRCE (1839-1914) p. 339
"The Red and the Black" p. 342

Volume 10: Philosophical Essays

John ERSKINE (1879-1951) p. 1
"The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent" from The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent p. 5
William Kingdon CLIFFORD (1845-1879) p. 14
"The Ethics of Belief" from Lectures and Essays p. 16
William JAMES (1842-1910) p. 37
"The Will to Believe" from The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy p. 39
"The Sentiment of Rationality" from The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy p. 58
John DEWEY (1859-1852) p. 88
"The Process of Thought" from How We Think p. 92
EPICURUS (c. 341 B.C.-c. 271 B.C.) p. 214
"Letter to Herodotus" p. 216
"Letter to Menoeceus" p. 230
EPICTETUS (c. 60-c. 138) p. 234
The Enchiridion p. 236
Walter Horatio PATER (1839-1894) p. 255
"The Art of Life" from The Renaissance p. 258
PLUTARCH (c. 46-120) p. 262
"Contentment" from Moralia p. 264
CICERO (106-43 B.C.) p. 282
"On Friendship" p. 286
"On Old Age" p. 317
Sir Francis BACON (1561-1626) p. 344
"Of Truth" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 346
"Of Death" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 348
"Of Adversity" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 350
"Of Love" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 351
"Of Friendship" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 353
"Of Anger" from Essays, Civil and Moral p. 359
George SANTAYANA (1863-1952) p. 361
"Lucretius" from Three Philosophical Poets p. 365
"Goethe's Faust" from Three Philosophical Poets p. 391
Henry ADAMS (1838-1910) p. 420
"St. Thomas Aquinas" from Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres p. 422
VOLTAIRE (1694-1778) p. 451
"The Philosophy of Common Sense" from Philosophical Dictionary p. 453
John Stuart MILL (1806-1873) p. 475
"Nature" from Three Essays on Religion p. 477
Ralph Waldo EMERSON (1803-1882) p. 509
"Nature" from Essays, Second Series p. 512
""Self-Reliance" from Essays, First Series p. 525
"Montaigne; or, the Skeptic" from Representative Men p. 546
William HAZLITT (1778-1830) p. 563
"On the Feeling of Immortality in Youth" p. 565
Sir Thomas BROWNE (1605-1682) p. 571
"Immortality" from Urn-Burial p. 575